Prambanan temple green program

Prambanan temple green program is a greenly environment program which is participated by students and stakeholders. Prambanan Temple area on the border of Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region (DIY) and Klaten Regency, Central Java, on Wednesday, was planted with hundreds of trees and thousands of flowering shrubs.

Prambanan temple Green Program  is a Government’s program to encourage everyone to love archaeological sites, as well the green environment to reduce the air pollution. The program is a joint collaboration between the “Djarum Foundation Community Service”, the Prambanan Temple (TWC) and Yogyakarta Cultural Heritage Preservation Hall.

The activity was attended by Vice President Director of Djarum Foundation F.X. Supanji, Prambanan Temple TWC General Manager Aryono Hendro Malyanto, Head of the DIY Cultural Heritage Preservation Center, Dra Zaimul Azzah, M. Hum, was also accompanied by officials representing Sleman DIY Regent Sri Purnomo and Klaten Regent Sri Mulyani.
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No fewer than 500 students from various universities in Yogyakarta, such as Gadjah Mada University (UGM), State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga, Sanata Dharma University, Atmajaya University, Indonesian Art Institute (ISI) Yogyakarta, Duta Wacana Christian University, and others were involved in the tree planting action.

Around 250 trees and 5,000 flowering shrubs consisting of 25 varieties are planted to spread in the Prambanan Temple complex area.

A total of four main temples area in the complex, namely Roro Jonggrang Temple, Sewu Temple, Lumbung Temple, and Bubrah Temple, are planted with various flowering trees and shrubs.

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Yogyakarta Sultan’s Palace

Yogyakarta Sultan’s Palace has a big art project to preserve the high value arts and culture. As the center of Mataram’s Javanese culture, Yogyakarta Sultan’s palace keeps and preserves many high-value cultural and art objects. One of them is ‘wayang kulit’ the leather shadow puppet which are thousands in number. Realizing the importance of saving this heirloom, the palace has began a large project of documenting shadow puppets by forming a documentation team led by masterminds / puppeteers. Javanese culture is represented by Yogyakarta Palace where the cultural events, traditional ceremonies are still held.

Bayu Aji Nugraha, the young puppeteer who graduated from the Indonesian Art Institute, was chosen as one of the people involved in this work and accepted it as a ‘heart call’.
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He began joining as ‘a Palace’s servant’ in February 2019 and had just graduated as ‘Abdi Dalem’ on June 18 of the same year. The granted name from the King is “Mas Jajar Cermogupito”. Apparently this is the answer to his interest in serving the palace and cultural arts widely.

“I was offered to document the puppets belong to the Palace by my senior, puppeteer Susila Madya.”

His grandfather and father’s mother is the Palace’s servant, too. This is a pride for Javanese people to be accepted and granted by Sultan’s to serve the Palace. This is the way to devote their life to preserve the Javanese culture.
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The Palace’s Puppets Documentation
Yogyakarta Palace has around a dozen puppet boxes, each containing about 250 puppets. Documentation in digital form is a must so that this property is sustainable and can be easily accessed by the community. The puppets will be photographed, given a description, and equipped with data about the puppet itself.

“”We made a new data format. It’s a bit difficult because it doesn’t trace the description of existing puppets.”

Puppet images are scattered on the internet, but very few can be used as references. “Images must be proportional because shadow puppets are two-dimensional. So the photographer must work hard, “said the puppeteer who lives in Ambarketawang (west district of Yogyakarta).

Furthermore, he explained the data entered, namely subjective and objective data. Subjective data is obtained from oral narrative, while objective data is obtained from the “weakening” (bottom) of the puppet itself. “On the second leg (puppet) there is a red lane. There are small Javanese scripts there. (We) study again because of the many Javanese murda characters. “Murda characters are special letters that function like capital letters.

“(All descriptions) are appropriate, such as name, wanda, and sungging (color).” “For example Gatotkaca wanda for networking and war is different. If you want to fight, he looks up a bit, if you look down. “Another description that must be contained is the material of the puppets, the conditions, the shape of the limbs, and the accessories that he wears.”

Although worked on by around fifteen people, the project which began in February 2019 is still a hard work that is expected in one and a half years all puppets are recorded. While the masterminds themselves still have routine tasks such as the maintenance of puppets and performing in preparation.

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Javanese Culture

Javanese culture was shaped by many elements through the centuries. The decade before Hinduism and Buddhism influenced the island and the people, Javanese had an indigenous identity of animism and dynamism. Javanese ethnic group is one of hundreds ethnic groups in Indonesia which seems dominate the nation since the biggest population inhabit in the island, besides the civilization can be tracked by the archaeological sites. Borobudur and Prambanan temples are the ancient’s Buddhism and Hindu monuments among other hundreds, even thousands archaeological sites in Java island.

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Sultan’s Palace Ceremony

Javanese culture is centered in the Central Java, Yogyakarta and East Java provinces of Indonesia. Due to various migrations, it can also be found in other parts of the world, such as Suriname (where 15% of the population are of Javanese descent), the broader Indonesian archipelago region, Cape Malay, Malaysia, Singapore, Netherlands and other countries. The migrants bring with them various aspects of Javanese cultures such as Gamelan music, traditional dances and art of “Wayang kulit” leather shadow puppet.

The migration of Javanese people westward has created the coastal Javanese culture that is distinct from inland Sundanese culture in West Java. Being the largest ethnic group, the Javanese culture and people influence Indonesian politics and culture. The infrastructures are equipped well than other islands in Indonesia, make people from other islands migrate for work and education.