Javanese culture was shaped by many elements through the centuries. The decade before Hinduism and Buddhism influenced the island and the people, Javanese had an indigenous identity of animism and dynamism. Javanese ethnic group is one of hundreds ethnic groups in Indonesia which seems dominate the nation since the biggest population inhabit in the island, besides the civilization can be tracked by the archaeological sites. Borobudur and Prambanan temples are the ancient’s Buddhism and Hindu monuments among other hundreds, even thousands archaeological sites in Java island.
Sultan’s Palace Ceremony
Javanese culture is centered in the Central Java, Yogyakarta and East Java provinces of Indonesia. Due to various migrations, it can also be found in other parts of the world, such as Suriname (where 15% of the population are of Javanese descent), the broader Indonesian archipelago region, Cape Malay, Malaysia, Singapore, Netherlands and other countries. The migrants bring with them various aspects of Javanese cultures such as Gamelan music, traditional dances and art of “Wayang kulit” leather shadow puppet.
The migration of Javanese people westward has created the coastal Javanese culture that is distinct from inland Sundanese culture in West Java. Being the largest ethnic group, the Javanese culture and people influence Indonesian politics and culture. The infrastructures are equipped well than other islands in Indonesia, make people from other islands migrate for work and education.