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International Airport Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta International AirportYogyakarta seems to be very excited about the new International Airport Yogyakarta, located in Kulon Progo Regency. Yogyakarta International Airport is operated by PT Angkasa Pura (The Indonesian Airport Company). The airport is due to replace Adisutjipto International Airport of Yogyakarta, which is currently overcapacity. The airport commenced operations on the 6th of May 2019 with the first arrival, a Citilink flight from Jakarta’s Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. Commercial flights would be gradually relocated from the old Adisucipto International Airport. Mid of August 2019 the runway and other facilities for international flights are already functioned and there were no international flights. In mid-September 2019, 80 percent of terminal constructions are finished and it is predicted will be completed at the end of 2019, so it will be fully operating in early 2020. Java Bali trip company is ready with all things to welcome travelers and tourists from all around the world.

Yogyakarta International Airport

courtesy: NeswID

The total square land for the terminal will be over 210,000 sqm. which 66 flights will be moved from the old Airport, in the first step. End of 2019 there will be 140 flights at Yogyakarta International Airport (source: inewsDotId). Airnav Indonesia is ready with 300-400 flights per hour in Yogyakarta International Airport.

New List Airlines Soekarno Hatta Airport

There a New List Airlines at Soekarno Hatta Airport Following the opening of Terminal 3 at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in 2018, there have been many changes regarding the terminals for domestic and international airlines.

Below is the updated list of airlines in all Soekarno-Hatta International Airport terminals as reported by kompas.com.

TERMINAL 1
Terminal 1A: Lion Air
Destinations: Ambon, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari, Kualanamu, Kupang, Lombok, Makassar, Malang, Manado, Palangkaraya, Palu, Pontianak, Semarang, Surabaya, Tanjung Pinang, Ternate and Yogyakarta.

Terminal 1B: Lion Air
Destinations: Bandar Lampung, Batam, Bengkulu, Denpasar, Kualanamu, Padang, Palembang, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru and Tanjungpinang.

Terminal 1C:
Airfast Indonesia: Makassar, Surakarta, Surabaya and Timika.
Citilink: Banjarmasin, Banyuwangi, Batam, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari, Kualanamu, Makassar, Malang, Manado, Padang, Palangkaraya, Palembang, Pangkalpinang, Pekanbaru, Semarang, Silangit, Surakarta and Yogyakarta.
Transnusa: Ketapang.
Read also: Premium co-working space now available at Soekarno-Hatta airport’s Terminal 3

TERMINAL 2
Domestic Terminal
Batik Air: Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Batam, Denpasar, Gorontalo, Jambi, Jayapura, Kendari, Kualanamu, Kupang, Labuan Bajo, Lubuk Linggau, Makassar, Manado, Manokwari, Padang, Palembang, Palu, Pekanbaru, Pondok Cabe, Semarang, Silangit, Sorong, Tanjung Pandan, Tarakan, Ternate and Yogyakarta.
Malindo Airlines: Kuala Lumpur.
NAM Air: Bandar Lampung, Banyuwangi, Lubuk Linggau, Muara Bungo, Palembang, Pangkalpinang, Sampit, Semarang, Sorong, Tanjung Pandan and Yogyakarta.
Sriwijaya Air: Haikou Meilan and Nanning.
Thai Lion Air: Don Muang

International Terminal
AirAsia: Johor Bahru and Kuala Lumpur.
AirAsia Indonesia: Don Muang, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.
AirAsia X Indonesia: Don Muang, Kuala Lumpur, Narita and Penang.
AirAsia Philippines: Manila.
Cebu Pacific: Manila.

TERMINAL 3
Domestic Terminal: Garuda Indonesia
Destinations: Ambon, Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Banjarmasin, Banyuwangi, Bengkulu, Biak, Denpasar, Jambi, Jayapura, Kualanamu, Labuan Bajo, Lombok, Makassar, Malang, Manado, Merauke, Padang, Palembang, Palu, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Semarang, Silangit, Surakarta, Surabaya, Tanjung Pinang, Tarakan, Ternate, Timika and Yogyakarta.

International Terminal
Air China: Beijing.
All Nippon: Haneda and Narita.
Asiana Airlines: Incheon.
Cathay Pacific: Hong Kong.
China Airlines: Hong Kong and Taipei.
China Eastern: Pudong.
China Southern: Fuzhoi, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Xiamen.
Emirates: Dubai
Ethiopian Airlines: Bangkok
Etihad Airlines: Abu Dhabi
Eva Air: Taipei
Garuda Indonesia: Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Bandar Sri Begawan, Bangkok, Christmas Island, Fuzhoi, Guangzhou, Haneda, Ho Chi Minh, Hong Kong, Incheon, Kansai, Madinah, Melbourne, Narita, Peking, Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei and Xiamen.
Japan Airlines: Narita.
KLM Royal Dutch: Amsterdam, Fuzhoi, Kuala Lumpur, Perth, Singapore and Xiamen.
Korean Airlines: Incheon.
Malaysian Airlines: Kuala Lumpur.
Oman Airlines: Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Muscat and Singapore.
Philippine Airlines: Manila.
Qantas Airways: Singapore and Doha.
Royal Brunei Airlines: Bandar Sri Begawan.
Singapore Airlines: Singapore.
Sri Lankan Airlines: Colombo.
Thai Airways: Bangkok.
Turkish: Airlines: Istanbul.
Vietnam Airlines: Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh and Singapore.
Xiamen Airline: Fuzhoi dan Xiamen.

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Javanese Prehistory Civilization

Javanese Prehistory civilization has begun since about a million years ago. Evidence by the finding of Megantrophus Paleojavanicus (big man from Ancient Java) at Sangiran in 1941 by G.H.R Von Koenigswald. Around 600,000 years ago, since paleolithic, Java Indonesia also inhabited by Homo erectus paleojavanicus. After Homo erectus paleojavanicus era, Java is inhabited by Homo erectus soloensis. The fossils were found in the Bengawan Solo river, near Sragen regency, Central Java, in 1941.

At least since 2000 BC, Java island was inhabited by homo sapiens (modern human), since the migration of ethnic Deutro Malay from Yunnan, southern China. Since the early centuries, the Javanese has established trade and cultural relations with India and China. So the foreign cultures began to enter, such as the Hindu culture. This is evidenced by the discovery of the inscribed monument stones (prasasti / inscription) from that era, such inscribed monument stones that found in the Ciaruteun, Bogor. From the inscriptions it is known there is one of Java early kingdoms named Tarumanagara (358-669 AD). Purnavarman (395-434 AD) was the most popular king.

prehistoric, inscription, prehistoric inscription, java inscription

Javanese Prehistoric Civilization

Medang or Mataram kingdom was a Hindu-Buddhist kingdom that flourished between the 8th and 10th centuries in central Java (nowadays). The first king is Sanjaya. In 750-850 AD, Sailendra dynasty then became the ruler of Mataram. Sailendra built the Borobudur temple which completed its construction in 825, in King Samaratunga era. Mataram collapsed in around 1045 AD due the attacks of Srivijaya kingdom of Sumatra.

Meanwhile, in the years 669-1579 Sunda kingdom flourished in West Java. Sunda kingdom ruled by Maharaja Sri Jayabupati Jayamanahen Wisnumurti Samarawijaya Sakalabuwanamandaleswaranindita Haro Gowardhana Wikramottunggadewa.

In 1222, Ken Arok founded the one of Java early kingdoms named Singhasari Kingdom (1222-1292), East Java (nowadays). He ruled the kingdom until year 1292. In 1227 Anusapati kill Ken Arok. Anusapati later became king Singhasari. Anusapati only lasted 20 years. He was killed by Tohjaya. Three years later, Tohjaya killed in the rebellion led by Jaya Visnuvardhana.

Year 1268, Jaya Visnuvardhana died, he was replaced by Kertanegara (1268-1292). In year 1292, Kertanegara was defeated by Jayakatwang rebellion, also this is the end of the Singhasari Kingdom.

In 1294, the most important history of Java Indonesia Majapahit Kingdom (1293-1500) stand. This kingdom in java found by Raden Wijaya. Majapahit reached the top of glory during the reign of Hayam Wuruk. He was accompanied by its mahapatih (prime minister) Gajah Mada. With Gajah Mada, Hayam Wuruk had mastered almost the entire Indonesia territory which was named Dwipantara. In 1389, Hayam Wuruk died. Then replaced by Wikramawardhana.

The Islam arrival also take a great affect to Java Indonesia history. One of the Islam’s central development in Java was the Demak Sultanate (1475-1548) in Central Java. This kingdom in java was established by Raden Hasan. He was later titled Shah Akbar Al Fatah, or more commonly known by the name of Raden Patah. At Trenggono era (1521), the Demak sultanate develop into a kind of federal state with Islam as its foundation.

During this period, the Samudera Pasai kingdom in Sumatra attacked by Portuguese. This situation is forcing a nobleman named Fatahillah to get away from Sumatra. He moved to Demak, Central Java. Fatahillah later married with the sister of Sultan Trenggana (1522-1548) and appointed as the Army Commander of Demak Sultanate. Fatahillah then attacked and took over the important cities of Sunda Kingdom, including Cirebon and Banten Indonesia.